Community Peace Building, Reconcilation & Cohesion

Within the Community Peace Building, Reconciliation & Cohesion thematic area, VAD will implement the following interventions;

  • Develop and Implement Programs for Prevention and Control of Social Gender Based Violence
  • Establish and strengthen peace building structures in Northern Uganda

Develop and Implement Programs for Prevention and Control of Social Gender Based Violence

VAD did not carry out interventions in this area during the implementation of the last strategic planning cycle. However the gains achieved in enhancing family economic empowerment had bred spouse-related family conflicts over distribution of enhanced family income and related vices of rape and defilement due to increase in disposable income and cultural overtones. This has necessitated development of actions to control and manage Social Gender Based Violence (SGBV) which is currently a key community challenge. The following key interventions have been planned for implementation in the Strategic Plan 2013 – 18, to address the challenge:

  • Development and dissemination of SGBV prevention and control messages, information materials and guidelines.
  • Sensitization of communities about the dangers of SGBV and LC I level case management and referral processes.
  • Training of community structures (LC 1 Councilors) on how to handle SGBV cases including. SGBV management trainings provided to community leaders
  • Carrying out of counseling and making referrals for SGBV survivors.

Establish and strengthen peace building structures in Northern Uganda

This program is being implemented within Amuria district, north eastern Uganda due to the Joseph Kony rebel activities and inter-tribe conflicts (Teso and Karamajongs) challenges that prevailed. Amuria as a district has always suffered from cattle rustling by their neighbours the Karamajong and this situation resulted into a long standing cultural war between the Itesots who live in Amuria and the Karamajong. In addition, the entire Teso region in which Amuria is located was overrun by the Lords’ Resistance Army rebels that robbed property, plundered, raped women and destroyed livelihoods in this region. They unleashed terror on the communities and as a result, government mobilized the residents in Teso sub-region into Internally Displaced Peoples’ (IDPs) camps where they were provided with relief aid. When this war ended, government with the help of development partners and Non-Government Organizations resettled IDPs into their homes. VAD designed a peace building and conflict resolution program in 2012 with support from SignPost International/ Comic Relief UK. This program specifically preached peace and reconciliation and also focused building capacity of the local political leadership in conflict resolution. This program was a great success because of the following reasons:

  • It accorded VAD within the district because this project focused on the real needs of the population. As such, VAD needs to consolidate the gains registered in this program in the past five year period 20008 to 2013. Possible activities to be implemented include:
  • Further training of Local leaders (LC IIs) in how to resolve land conflicts in all the sub-counties of Amuria district.
  • Continuously equip Local council courts with skills of handling land matters.
  • Facilitation of cross boarder dialogue shall be undertaken to resolve the existing ethnic and tribal border conflicts (such as bringing together cultural and community leaders from the Karamajong and Itesot to resolve issues of cattle rustling and armed conflict that have existed for long).
  • Promotion of formation and development of peace clubs within schools shall be undertaken; and,
  • Formation and development of peace community groups shall also be promoted.

Given the fact that the challenges to be addressed in this community are still obtaining, VAD needs to scale up its operations in this thematic area to access many of the residents in Amuria. The key strategy to be pursued over the medium terms shall be:

  • Building the capacity of the local structures for conflict resolution, peace building and reconciliation